AstroHopper (formerly known as SkyHopper) is a free and open-source web application developed by Artyom Beilis that helps to find objects across the night sky. It does this by allowing an accurate hop from a well-known and easily identifiable star to other fainter stars or DSO by measuring changes in pointing angles of the cell phone using built in gyroscope and gravity sensors. It is similar to Digital Setting Circles implemented in a smart phone.
The smart phone must have gyro and gravity sensors and preferably compass.
You attach the cellphone to the telescope such that the physical top part of the phone points towards viewing direction. Note this is different from typical sky observing apps that simulate camera view of the sky. For AstroHopper the screen is parallel to the viewing direction.
Before you attach the smartphone, open AstroHopper application and calibrate the compass using "8" like movements.
The calibration will significantly improve compass direction accuracy.
But if your compass fails to work properly, press the hand button
✋ to use Manual Mode.
When AstroHopper starts, a Quick Start Guide appears. You can also get help by pressing the gear
⚙ button at upper right and then the
[Align]button at top left of screen
⚙button). You will see a line showing the direction you need to move the telescope and the changes in altitude and azimuth are shown at the right and bottom part of the screen
Tutorial and Introduction Videos:
You need to provide some permissions to Safari in order to run AstroHopper.
Device Orientation Sensors:
Enable Device Orientationbutton once application loads
Geolocation (watch for No Geolocation message on screen):
Settings > Privacy > Location Services ON. Then scroll down to "Safari Web..." and check "While Using the app". For iOS 14.0 and above both precise and approximate location should work.
Some users reported need for reboot of the device for these changes to take an effect.
AstroHopper is a Progressive Web Application. It can be installed as regular application on your smart phone. Once it is installed it is fully accessible offline. You can also run AstroHopper as a demo on a laptop computer.
In order to install the application, open the URL https://artyom-beilis.github.io/astrohopper.html and install it.
↓symbol near URL
The application will be installed on home screen or in applications screen - depending on browser.
To test if AstroHopper works offline:
You can usually update the installed version of AstroHopper by refreshing the page. If this does not work for your browser, uninstall it and reinstall from scratch.
The sky in application looks different from what I expect?
Make sure your browser provides correct location information. If not "No Geolocation" message will be shown. Check the geographical coordinates in settings menu to make sure they match your location
I move the phone but nothing moves?
Make sure your cellphone has working sensors. Do SkyMap like applications work for you?
I move the telescope but only Altitude is changing. Azimuth is pointing to Polaris/North?
Your browser may not support compass heading (for example Firefox) or you don't have such a sensor in the phone. A compass with a line crossing it will be shown. You can adjust azimuth manually by swiping the screen till you get required azimuth and then align.
I pointed my telescope to a star but the cell phone seems to point to a different direction?
The compass of the cell phone may be significantly misaligned you may to do following:
+at the top left corner near value
∠60°- default FOV.
✋icon at the right side and adjust the azimuth manually
The screen becomes dim very fast and I don't have time to align/point the telescope?
Modify the "sleep" settings for the cell phone. It is under "Settings -> Display" in Android and "Settings -> Display and Brightness -> Auto-Lock” in IOS
I start moving the telescope to modify azimuth direction but according to the application it stopped moving, or going back - behaves strangely?
It seems that gyro lost accuracy. It happens. Try again. If it still happens all the time and you can't reach the target. Try one of following:
Pinch gesture zooms the entire web page instead of changing the field of view of the sky map
It related to configuration:
Unfortunately, there is no option to disable full web page zoom on iOS.
Left side, from top to bottom:
>controls for browsing watch list object. Selected object name is shown below
Right side, from top to bottom, right to left
⚙- settings button
✋- switch to manual mode, "compass" switch to compass mode, "compass crossed" - no compass available use manual mode only
W- appears when a named object selected - pressing on it opens Wikipedia page about the object, requires network.
Settings Menu (accessed from gear
↻button - reset alignment and target
On screen controls:
◎- Align button with status:
✗- not aligned,
?- select alignment star
>controls for browsing watch list object. Selected object name is shown below
✋or "compass" mode
W - appears when a named object selected - pressing on it opens Wikipedia page about the object, requires network
W button appears you can tap on it and open a frame with Wikipedia page about the selected object.
Note: But be careful - the app has no control over style of the page and by default it would be black text over white page. It is something not desirable for night vision.
Thus by default the Wiki page info support is disabled in Night mode. You can change behavior in settings menu "Wiki".
A user can create a custom watch list in advance to browse them easily during the night.
List option in "Settings" menu. It has
 control to open watch list editing tool.
A watch list is defined by a simple list of object names separated by space, new lines or commas. For example below the "default" list:
M411, M47, M49, M50, M44, M45
Several named lists can be defined by giving watch list a name followed by
:, for example:
clusters: M41 M47 M49 M50 M44 M45 doublestars: Polaris, "Cor Caroli"
It is possible to add user comment between
) to explain the object id. It would be shown in UI upon object selection, for example:
Galaxies: M31 (Andromeda), M64 (Black Eye)
Note: if you adding a comment or use a name that contains spaces you need to add a comma
, as a separator
Lists can be selected by pressing
> buttons in "Lists" control. When the list is selected two buttons
> are shown in main screen under "Align" button. They allow browsing the objects forward and backward. The current selected object's name is shown under the controls.
The watch lists are stored at your phone on per domain basis. They are kept even when you reopen the app.
Note: if you accessing the app from different location (for example from local server) than it is stored separately, so prepare the list in advance.
This application does not contain every possible star or DSO. If you want to access objects that are not listed in the database you can add them via "User Objects" in settings menu.
User object are defined in CSV format when first column contains object name, second right ascension (RA) and the third the declination (DEC). Both RA and DEC can be given as decimal degrees (0-360 for RA and -90 +90 for DEC) or in hour/degree with minutes and seconds. Seconds may be omitted. Fields can be separated by spaces, by ":" or by appropriate symbols like "h", "m", "s", "d". For example
11h 22m 32.6sor
11h 22' 32.6''or
11 22′ 32.6″or
11 22 32.6,
-87d 22m 32.6sor
-87d 22' 32.6''or
-87° 22′ 32.6″or
-87 22 32.6,
This is an example of such a list:
V1405,23h 24m 48s, +61° 11′ 15″ Pluto,19:55:16,-22:13:42
The user objects are stored on your phone on per domain basis. They are kept even when you reopen the app.
Note: if you are accessing the app from different location (for example from local server) than it is stored separately, so prepare the list in advance.
The application assumes you work with alt-azimuth mount. If you are using equatorial mount an additional error may be introduced due to misalignment between the cell phone major axis and the telescope axis.
If the targets are close to poles and significant changes in right ascension are required for the hop any misalignment error between cell phone axis and telescope axis will affect the accuracy. Final error can be calculated as 2e⋅sin(Δα/2)⋅sin(δ), where e - misalignment error between cell phone and telescope, Δα - change in right ascension required for the hop and δ - declination of the target.
So it may not work reliably for equatorial mounts. Alt-Az mounts are recommended.
(C) 2021-2023 Artyom Beilis.
It is an open source web application licensed under GPL license. It may work only with well working sensors. No warranty of any kind is given. For detailed copyrights of different parts of the project refer to https://github.com/artyom-beilis/skyhopper/blob/main/COPYING.md